by Randi Nicholson

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Standards of Learning

Intro Statement

What is a performance standard?
Performance standards go into much greater depth than the content standards used in the previous curriculum. The performance standard incorporates the content standard, which simply told the teacher what a student was expected to know (i.e., what concepts he or she is expected to master), but expands upon it by providing three additional items: suggested tasks, sample student work, and teacher commentary on that work.

Performance standards provide clear expectations for assessment, instruction, and student work. They define the level of work that demonstrates achievement of the standards, enabling a teacher to know “how good is good enough.” The performance standards isolate and identify the skills needed to use the knowledge and skills to problem-solve, reason, communicate, and make connections with other information. Performance standards also tell the teacher how to assess the extent to which the student knows the material or can manipulate and apply the information.


STANDARD: The student demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of the English language, realizing that usage involves the appropriate application of conventions and grammar in both written and spoken formats;
STANDARD: The student participates in student-to-teacher, student-to-student, and group verbal interactions, in which
STANDARD: The student listens to and views various forms of text and media in order to gather and share information, persuade others, and express and understand ideas.
> Judges the extent to which the media provides a source of entertainment as well as a source of information.
STANDARD: The student demonstrates comprehension and shows evidence of a warranted and responsible explanation of a variety of literary and informational texts. The texts are of the quality and complexity illustrated by the Grade Four reading list.
STANDARD: The student consistently reads at least twenty-five books or book equivalents (approximately 1,000,000 words) each year. The quality and complexity of the materials to be read are illustrated in the sample reading list. The materials should include traditional and contemporary literature (both fiction and non-fiction) as well as magazines, newspapers, textbooks, and electronic material. Such reading should represent a diverse collection of material from at least three different literary forms and from at least five different writers.
STANDARD: The student understands and acquires new vocabulary and uses it correctly in reading and writing;
STANDARD: The student reads aloud, accurately (in the range of 95%), familiar material in a variety of genres of the quality and complexity illustrated in the sample reading list, in a way that makes meaning clear to listeners, by
STANDARD: The student produces writing that establishes an appropriate organizational structure, sets a context and engages the reader, maintains a coherent focus throughout, and signals a satisfying closure. The student employs the following strategies:
STANDARD: The student demonstrates competence in a variety of genres:
STANDARD: The Student produces a narrative that:
> Engages the reader by establishing a context, creating a point of view, and otherwise developing reader interest.
> Establishes a plot, setting, and conflict, and/or the significance of events.
STANDARD: The student produces informational writing (e.g., report, procedures, correspondence) that:
STANDARD: The student produces a response to literature that:
STANDARD: The student produces a persuasive essay that:
STANDARD: The student uses research and technology to support writing;
STANDARD: The student consistently uses a writing process to develop, revise, and evaluate writing;
STANDARD: Students will represent and interpret mathematical relationships in quantitative expressions.
STANDARD: Students will gather, organize, and display data according to the situation and compare related features.
STANDARD: Students will define and identify the characteristics of geometric figures through examination and construction.
STANDARD: Students will understand fundamental solid figures.
STANDARD: Students will understand the concept of weight and how to measure it.
STANDARD: Students will understand the concept of angles and how to measure it.
STANDARD: Students will further develop their understanding of how whole numbers are represented in the base-ten numeration system.
STANDARD: Students will understand and apply the concept of rounding numbers.
STANDARD: Students will solve problems involving multiplication of 2-3 digit numbers by 1-2 digit numbers.
STANDARD: Students will further develop their understanding of division of whole numbers and divide in problem solving situations without calculators.
STANDARD: Students will further develop their understanding of the meaning of decimal fractions and use them in computations.
STANDARD: Students will further develop their understanding of the meaning of common fractions and use them in computations.
STANDARD: Students will explain and use properties of the four arithmetic operations to solve and check problems.
STANDARD: Using the appropriate technology, students will solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts.
STANDARD: Students will investigate, develop, and evaluate mathematical arguments.
STANDARD: Students will use the language of mathematics to express ideas precisely.
STANDARD: Students will understand how mathematical ideas interconnect and build on one another and apply mathematics in other content areas.
STANDARD: Students will create and use pictures, manipulatives, models, and symbols to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas.
STANDARD: Students will be aware of the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works.
STANDARD: Students will have the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations.
STANDARD: Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities utilizing safe laboratory procedures.
STANDARD: Students will use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.
STANDARD: Students will communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly.
STANDARD: Students will question scientific claims and arguments effectively.
STANDARD: Students will be familiar with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved.
STANDARD: Students will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry.
STANDARD: Students will compare and contrast the physical attributes of stars, star patterns, and planets.
STANDARD: Students will model the position and motion of the earth in the solar system and will explain the role of relative position and motion in determining sequence of the phases of the moon.
STANDARD: Students will differentiate between the states of water and how they relate to the water cycle and weather.
STANDARD: Students will analyze weather charts/maps and collect weather data to predict weather events and infer patterns and seasonal changes.
STANDARD: Students will investigate the nature of light using tools such as mirrors, lenses, and prisms.
STANDARD: Students will demonstrate how sound is produced by vibrating objects and how sound can be varied by changing the rate of vibration.
STANDARD: Students will demonstrate the relationship between the application of a force and the resulting change in position and motion on an object.
STANDARD: The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America.
STANDARD: The student will explain the importance of freedom of expression including freedom of speech, press, assembly, and petition as described in the Bill of Rights.
STANDARD: The student will describe the functions of government
STANDARD: The student will explain the importance for Americans to share certain central democratic beliefs and principles both personal and civic.
STANDARD: The student will name positive character traits of key historic figures and government leaders (honesty, patriotism, courage, trustworthiness).
STANDARD: The student will use the basic economic concepts of trade, opportunity cost, specialization, voluntary exchange, productivity, and price incentives to illustrate historical events.
STANDARD: The student will identify the elements of a personal budget and explains why personal spending and saving decisions are important.
STANDARD: The student will describe European exploration in North America.
STANDARD: The student will explain the factors that shaped British colonial America.
STANDARD: The student will explain the causes, events, and results of the American Revolution.
STANDARD: The student will analyze the challenges faced by the new nation.
STANDARD: The student will explain westward expansion of America between 1801 and 1861.
STANDARD: The student will examine the main ideas of the abolitionist and suffrage movements.
STANDARD: The student will describe how physical systems affect human systems.
STANDARD: The student will describe the meaning of